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Scharnhorst.jpg
German Battlecruiser Scharnhorst1286 viewsScharnhorst was a 31,100-ton Gneisenau-class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, named to commemorate the World War I armoured cruiser SMS Scharnhorst, which was in turn named after the Prussian general Gerhard von Scharnhorst

The ship was built at Wilhelmshaven, Germany, launched in October 1936 under the Hitler regime's massive rearmament program, and commissioned in January 1939.
Kirishima.jpg
Japanese Battleship HIJMS Kirishima939 viewsKirishima was the Imperial Japanese Navy's fourth Kongo class battlecruiser, and was laid down by Mitsubishi in Nagasaki on March 17, 1912, launched on December 1, 1913 and commissioned on April 19, 1915. From 1933 to 1934, she was reconstructed at Kure, Japan, emerging from her reconstruction as a "fast battleship," 4,000 tons heavier than her original incarnation.

On November 15, 1942, Kirishima engaged American vessels in the Battle of Guadalcanal, and while inflicting some damage on USS South Dako
sms_rheinland.jpg
1908 SMS Rheinland798 viewsLaunched in 1908 at Vulcan in Stettin, SMS Rheinland was was one of four Nassau class battleships that were the first dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial German Navy. There were three other ships in her class: SMS Nassau (launched in 1908 at the Imperial shipyards in Wilhelmshaven), SMS Posen (launched in 1908 at Germania shipyards in Kiel) and SMS Westfalen (launched 1908 at AG Weser in Bremen). The ships were armed with twelve 28 cm guns in double turrets -- one forward, one aft, and two on each side. In addition, they carried twelve 15 cm guns, sixteen 8.8 cm guns and six torpedo tubes. SMS Nassau was 146 m long, displaced 18,873 tons, carried a crew of 1008, and had a top speed of 20 knots. All four ships took part in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May–1 June 1916. On April 11, 1918, Rheinland ran aground, forcing the removal of the belt armor and all of the guns in order to refloat the ship; it was never repaired.
HMS_Agincourt_1913.jpg
HMS Agincourt 19131056 viewsHMS Agincourt was a Dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy.

She was a unique vessel, laid down by Armstrongs at Newcastle upon Tyne as the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro in September 1911. The chief designer of Armstrongs, Eustace d'Eyncourt, produced her outline design in his hotel bedroom in Brazil during the negotiations. Brazil cancelled the order in 1912, but sold the subsequently modified vessel to the Turkish navy for £2,750,000 in January 1914. Renamed the Sultan Osman I, she underwent trials in July 1914 and was completed in August, just as the First World War began.

Agincourt was an unusual ship in having seven main turrets. She had poor armour in comparison with her armament, having just 9 inches (229 mm) maximum belt thickness compared with the 12 inches (305 mm) or more appropriate for her armament. She would have ranked as a battlecruiser but for her low speed. By her completion, her 12-inch (305 mm) guns had started to become obsolete - most capital ships under construction having larger calibres.

The Royal Navy made modifications before commissioning its prize: in particular they removed a flying-off deck for seaplanes. HMS Agincourt formed part of the First Battle Squadron at the Battle of Jutland, which she survived unscathed. She was reallocated to the Second Battle Squadron in 1918 and decommissioned in 1919. After unsuccessful attempts to sell her to the Brazilian Government she was recommissioned as a depot ship before being decommissioned again in 1921 and scrapped in 1924.
Deutschland_Lutzow_1931.jpg
Deutschland or Lützow1410 viewsDeutschland, later re-named Lützow, was the first German large armoured ship built after World War I.

Its keel was laid down in February 1929, at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel, and launched in May 1931. It completed fitting out in late 1932 and took its maiden voyage in May 1932.

Its size and characteristics where severely limited by the Treaty of Versailles, which limited Germany to ships of no more than 10,000 tons displacement. A number of technical innovations (including large scale use of welding to make the hull lighter) used by the Germans to build a formidable warship within this restricted weight. Even so, the Deutschland was 600 tons overweight, although for political reasons its announced displacement was always given as the 10,000 tons of the treaty limit.

Two other very similar (but not identical) ships were built in its class, the Admiral Graf Spee and the Admiral Scheer. The class was termed Panzerschiff ("armoured ship"); they were designated "pocket battleships" by the British because of their characteristics: their guns (6 x 28 cm in two turrets) were substantially bigger than those of the heavy cruisers of her time, but they were much smaller (and much less armoured), but faster than the standard battleships.

After the start of World War II, she was renamed Lützow in November 1939 because Adolf Hitler feared that the loss a ship with the name "Germany" would have a significant negative psychological and propaganda effect.

In February 1940 she and her sisterships were re-classified as heavy cruisers, and in April of that year she participated in the invasion of Norway. Lützow was then to return to Germany to refit for an extended raiding cruise into the Atlantic, but was torpedoed by the British submarine Spearfish in the Skagerrak north of Jutland. The hit nearly tore off the entire stern of the ship and repairs were not finished until late 1941.

She participated in various minor events during the next years, but her only other significant service came starting in September 1944 in the Baltic Sea when she fired on land targets in support of the retreating German army, a service she would continue to provide in the subsequent months.

The ship was badly damaged by three 6-ton Tallboy bombs dropped by the Royal Air Force in April 1945 as it lay off Swinemünde, and it came to rest on the bottom. It was repaired, and then did further support of the army; it was finally scuttled by its crew on 4 May 1945.

After the war, the Sovie
SMSBaden1915.jpg
SMS Baden 19151203 viewsSMS Baden was a Bayern-class battleship launched in 1915. She was saved from scuttling in Scapa Flow by beaching and later sunk in extensive gunnery testing by the Royal Navy in 1921. The Baden was one of four planned Bayern battleships, the other three were the Bayern, Wurttemberg and Sachsen.

The Baden was not originally intended to be surrended under the terms of the Armistice, but was substitued for the Mackensen which could not put to sea.

After the scuttling of the fleet at Scapa Flow, the Bayern was raised and scrapped, but the Baden was carefully examined by the British. It was exensively measured stripped and compared to existing British ships. The effects of various guns were tested on her. First of all the British 15" guns of the Erebus and Terror, two monitors, were fired into selected parts of the hull and superstructure. Various bombs were detonated on her decks and finally the battleships of the Atlantic fleet used their main guns on her and she sank southwest of Portsmouth on the 16th August 1921.
HMSKingGeorgeV_i1941.jpg
HMS King George V 19411392 viewsKing George V, of the battleship class with the same name, was built by Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness and laid down on 1 January 1937, launched on 21 February 1937, and commissioned on 11 December 1940.

She was the flagship of the Home Fleet under the command of Admiral Sir John Tovey, and was involved in the chase for the German battleship Bismarck. On 27 May 1941, she and Rodney poured a large number of shells into to the hull of the ill-fated ship.

While escorting convoy PQ-15 to Murmansk on 1 May 1942, King George V collided with the destroyer HMS Punjabi, resulting in the sinking of the latter ship and minimal damage to the battleship.

In the Mediterranean, King George V covered the landings at Sicily, as well as having the honour of transporting Prime Minister Winston Churchill back to Britain from the Tehran Conference.

From 1944 to the surrender of Japan, King George V served with the British Pacific Fleet, and was present at Japan during the official surrender ceremony.

She was recommissioned as flagship of the Home Fleet in 1946. Just three years later, King George V decommissioned into the Reserve Fleet and subsequently scrapped at Dalmuir in 1957.
japanese-battleship-kirishima-1937.jpg
Japanese Battleship Kirishima149 viewsThis picture is of the Japanese 'Kongo' class battleship Kirishima, which was an older ship that had been reconstructed duting the 1930s as a fast battleship with the specifications of displacing a full load 36000 tonnes, a length of 728 feet 3in (222m) with an armament of eight 14 inch (356mm) guns in four twin turrets, fouteen 6 inch (152mm) guns in single mountings, eight 5 inch (127mm) anti-aircraft guns in four twin turrets, four 40mm anti-aircraft guns in single mountings, twenty 25mm anti-aircraft guns in 10 twin mountings and three aircraft, protection in the form of an 8inch (203mm) belt, 10inch (254mm) barbettes, 11inch (280mm) turrets, 4.7inch (120mm) deck and 10inch (254mm) conning tower, propultion in the form of steam turbines delivering 136000 horse power (101400kw) to four shafts with a speed of 30 knots, ansd a crew of 1435.
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roger-de-lauria-class-destroyer.gif
Roger de Lauria Class Destroyer154 viewsSpain's two 'Roger de Launa' class destroyers, here epitomised by the iead ship, were completed in the late 1960s after having been laid down as the second and third units of the 'Oquendo' class that comprised only one ship, the other six units having been cancelled.The 'Roger de Lauria' class ships were completed with American weapons and electronics to a specification that included a full-load displacement of 3,785 tons, length of 39 1 ft 6in (I 19.3m), armament of six 5in (127mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, six I2.75in (324mm) tubes in two triple mountings for lightweight anti-submarine torpedoes, two 21 in (533mm) tubes for heavyweight anti-submarine torpedoes and one helicopter propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 60,000hp (44,735kW) to two shafts for a speed of 3 I knots, and complement of 320.Oct 26, 2011
japanese-battleship-kirishima-1937.jpg
Japanese Battleship Kirishima149 viewsThis picture is of the Japanese 'Kongo' class battleship Kirishima, which was an older ship that had been reconstructed duting the 1930s as a fast battleship with the specifications of displacing a full load 36000 tonnes, a length of 728 feet 3in (222m) with an armament of eight 14 inch (356mm) guns in four twin turrets, fouteen 6 inch (152mm) guns in single mountings, eight 5 inch (127mm) anti-aircraft guns in four twin turrets, four 40mm anti-aircraft guns in single mountings, twenty 25mm anti-aircraft guns in 10 twin mountings and three aircraft, protection in the form of an 8inch (203mm) belt, 10inch (254mm) barbettes, 11inch (280mm) turrets, 4.7inch (120mm) deck and 10inch (254mm) conning tower, propultion in the form of steam turbines delivering 136000 horse power (101400kw) to four shafts with a speed of 30 knots, ansd a crew of 1435.Oct 26, 2011
jaureguiberry.jpg
Jaureguiberry808 viewsCompleted for the French navy in the late 1950s, the five destroyers of the 'Duperre or'T53' class were produced to a standard evolved from that of the 12 destroyers of the 'Surcouf' or T47' class and are epitomised here by the jaureguiberry.Tbe details of this important multi-role type included a full-load displacement of 3,740 tons, length of 422ft Oin (128.6m), armament of six 5in (127mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, six 57mm anti-aircraft guns in three twin mountings, two or four 20mm cannon in single mountings, one I4.75in (375mm) anti-submarine rocket launcher and six 21 Jin (550mm) torpedo tubes in two triple mountings, propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 63,000hp (46,975kW) to two shafts for a speed of 34 knots, and complement of 345.Jun 16, 2009
ferre.jpg
Ferre Peru892 viewsThe Ferre is a British Daring' class destroyer of the Peruvian navy, which received two such ships in 1969. Manned and operated almost as light cruisers, the class numbered eight ships completed in the early 1950s with a full-load displacement of 3,580 tons, length of 390ft Oin (I 18.8m), armament of six 4.5in (I 14mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, up to six 40mm anti¬aircraft guns in up to three twin mountings and one 'Squid' anti-submarine projector; propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 54,000hp (40,260kW) to two shafts for a speed of 34.75 knots, and complement of 330.Jun 16, 2009
Tirpitz.jpg
Tirpitz in c19411004 viewsThe Tirpitz was the sister-ship of the Bismarck, from which it differed only in details such as a full-load displacement of 52,600 tons, length of 823ft 6in (25 1,0m) and the addition of eight 21 in (533mm) torpedo tubes. The ship was launched in April 1939 and completed in February 1941, and its sole success in World War II (apart from tying down large numbers of British capital ships) was a bombardment of Spitsbergen in September 1943.The ship was damaged by British midget submarine attack later in that month, damaged by aircraft attack in April 1944 (with the loss of 122 men after being hit by 14 bombs), rendered unseaworthy by-further aircraft bombs in September I943 and finally sunk in November 1944 when the ship capsized with the loss of 902 men after being hit by ‘Tallboy’ bombs.Jun 16, 2009
Gneisenau.jpg
Gneisenau in 19391080 viewsThe Gneisenau was the second of the two 'Scharnhorst' class battle-cruisers completed in Germany in the late 1930s as highly impressive ships with a full-load displacement of 34,900 tons, length of 754ft Oin (229.8m), armament of nine I I inch (280mm) guns in three triple turrets, twelve 5.6inch (150mm) guns in six twin turrets, fourteen 4.1 inch (105mm) anti-aircraft guns in seven twin mountings and sixteen 37mm anti-aircraft guns in eight twin mountings.Jun 16, 2009
AdmiralGrafSpee.jpg
Admiral Graf Spee in 19361173 viewsThe most famous of the three 'Deutschland' class 'pocket battleships', the Admiral Graf Spee was launched in June 1934 and completed in January 1936, and was scuttled off Montevideo in December 1939 after suffering only modest damage in the Battle of the River Plate, against a force of three British cruisers, at the end of a commerce-raiding cruise in which the German ship had sunk or captured nine British merchant ships.Jun 16, 2009
Bismarck~0.jpg
Bismarck in 19401135 viewsThe Bismarck was the lead ship of the two-strong class whose other unit was the Tirpitz, and these were the only German battleships completed in the lifetime of the Third Reich. The ships were visually impressive and exercised a horrid fascination on the minds of the British Admiralty despite the fact that they had an unfortunate propulsion arrangement, possessed a considerable weight of armour that was not particularly well disposed, and had a cluttered deck arrangement in its combination of secondary and tertiary gun batteries (due to the German navy's lack of dual-purpose guns and fire-control systems).The specification for the Bismarck included a full-load displacement 50,900 tons, length of 81 3ft 8in (248.0m), armament of eight I5in (380mm) guns in four twin turrets, twelve 5.9in (150mm) guns in six twin turrets, eight 4.1 in (105mm) anti-aircraft guns in four twin mountings and sixteen 37mm anti-aircraft guns in single mountings, protection in the form of a I2.6in (320mm) belt, I4.2in (360mm) turrets, I 3,8in (350mm) conning tower and 4.7in (120mm) deck, propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering I38,000hp (I02,895IkW) to three shafts for a speed of 29 knots, and complement of 2,400. Jun 16, 2009
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