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Dreadnought1906.jpg
1906 HMS Dreadnought999 viewsThis was the sixth HMS Dreadnought of the British Royal Navy and was the first battleship to have a uniform main battery, rather than having secondary smaller guns. She was also the first large warship to be powered by steam turbines, making her the fastest warship of her size. So advanced was Dreadnought that her name became a generic term for modern battleships; whilst the ships she made obsolete were known as "pre-dreadnoughts".
Viribus1912.JPG
Viribus Unitis in 1912854 viewsSMS Viribus Unitis was an Austro-Hungarian dreadnought battleship of the Viribus Unitis class.

Viribus Unitis was built at Stabilmento Tecnico Tristino yard, Trieste.

After Austria-Hungary was defeated in World War I, and it became apparent that the coastal areas will be controlled by the newly-formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, the Austrian government decided to give the ship, along with much of the fleet, to the Croatians.

Viribus Unitis and the rest of the former Austrian fleet was soon targetted by the Italians. She was sunk at anchor at Pola on 1 November 1918 by a mignatta carried by an Italian human torpedo.
Blucher.jpg
SMS Blucher 1909920 viewsSMS Blücher was the last armoured cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine and was considered an intermediate stage toward the future German battlecruiser.

This ship was constructed in the Kiel dockyard, between 1907 and 1909, being completed in October of that year.

During World War I, on January 24, 1915, the obsolete SMS Blücher was sunk during the Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) by more modern British battlecruisers.

The World War II German heavy cruiser Blucher was named after her.
IronDuke1912.jpg
1912 HMS Iron Duke957 viewsHMS Iron Duke was a battleship of the Royal Navy, the lead ship of her class, named in honour of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. She served as the flagship of the Grand Fleet during World War I. She was the flagship of the Grand Fleet at the battle of Jutland. For the majority of the Great War she was based with the rest of the Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow.

Iron Duke was launched on 12 October 1912 at Portsmouth, England, the first of her class. After commissioning, she joined the Home Fleet as the flagship of Admiral Sir George Callaghan. Shortly before the beginning of hostilities, Callaghan was relieved by Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, who made Iron Duke the flagship of the newly organized Grand Fleet. Her only major combat service during World War I came in the battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916, where she served in the 2nd Battle Squadron. She later became the flagship of Admiral Sir David Beatty when he assumed command of the Grand Fleet in late 1916.

After the war, she was transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet, where she again served as flagship, this time for Admiral Sir John de Robeck. She served with the Mediterranean and Atlantic Fleets until she was paid off in 1929. In the remainder of the inter-war years she served as a training vessel. During World War II she was used as a base ship at Scapa Flow, where she was forced to beach during an air attack in 1939. She was refloated and saw continued service until the conclusion of hostilities. She was sold in 1946 as scrap, and broken up in Glasgow in 1948.
HMS_Agincourt_1913.jpg
HMS Agincourt 19131056 viewsHMS Agincourt was a Dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy.

She was a unique vessel, laid down by Armstrongs at Newcastle upon Tyne as the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro in September 1911. The chief designer of Armstrongs, Eustace d'Eyncourt, produced her outline design in his hotel bedroom in Brazil during the negotiations. Brazil cancelled the order in 1912, but sold the subsequently modified vessel to the Turkish navy for £2,750,000 in January 1914. Renamed the Sultan Osman I, she underwent trials in July 1914 and was completed in August, just as the First World War began.

Agincourt was an unusual ship in having seven main turrets. She had poor armour in comparison with her armament, having just 9 inches (229 mm) maximum belt thickness compared with the 12 inches (305 mm) or more appropriate for her armament. She would have ranked as a battlecruiser but for her low speed. By her completion, her 12-inch (305 mm) guns had started to become obsolete - most capital ships under construction having larger calibres.

The Royal Navy made modifications before commissioning its prize: in particular they removed a flying-off deck for seaplanes. HMS Agincourt formed part of the First Battle Squadron at the Battle of Jutland, which she survived unscathed. She was reallocated to the Second Battle Squadron in 1918 and decommissioned in 1919. After unsuccessful attempts to sell her to the Brazilian Government she was recommissioned as a depot ship before being decommissioned again in 1921 and scrapped in 1924.
SMSBaden1915.jpg
SMS Baden 19151203 viewsSMS Baden was a Bayern-class battleship launched in 1915. She was saved from scuttling in Scapa Flow by beaching and later sunk in extensive gunnery testing by the Royal Navy in 1921. The Baden was one of four planned Bayern battleships, the other three were the Bayern, Wurttemberg and Sachsen.

The Baden was not originally intended to be surrended under the terms of the Armistice, but was substitued for the Mackensen which could not put to sea.

After the scuttling of the fleet at Scapa Flow, the Bayern was raised and scrapped, but the Baden was carefully examined by the British. It was exensively measured stripped and compared to existing British ships. The effects of various guns were tested on her. First of all the British 15" guns of the Erebus and Terror, two monitors, were fired into selected parts of the hull and superstructure. Various bombs were detonated on her decks and finally the battleships of the Atlantic fleet used their main guns on her and she sank southwest of Portsmouth on the 16th August 1921.
German_pocket_battleship_Admiral_Scheer.jpg
German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer 19331953 viewsAdmiral Scheer, a pocket battleship, was built in 1933 and named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer. Its designation as a "Pocket" battleship was by the British in 1939. In German it is called a Panzerschiff (Armoured Ship) or a Deutschland class battleship. Of the Kriegsmarine's Capital Ships, the Admiral Scheer, under Captain Theodor Krancke, was by far the most successful commerce raider of WW2. Her longest raid took her as far as the Indian Ocean. Bombed by the RAF while docked in Kiel in 1945 she capsized and sank. After the war her upturned hulk was partially scrapped, with what remained being buried under rubble as the dock was filled in to make a parking lot.
roger-de-lauria-class-destroyer.gif
Roger de Lauria Class Destroyer154 viewsSpain's two 'Roger de Launa' class destroyers, here epitomised by the iead ship, were completed in the late 1960s after having been laid down as the second and third units of the 'Oquendo' class that comprised only one ship, the other six units having been cancelled.The 'Roger de Lauria' class ships were completed with American weapons and electronics to a specification that included a full-load displacement of 3,785 tons, length of 39 1 ft 6in (I 19.3m), armament of six 5in (127mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, six I2.75in (324mm) tubes in two triple mountings for lightweight anti-submarine torpedoes, two 21 in (533mm) tubes for heavyweight anti-submarine torpedoes and one helicopter propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 60,000hp (44,735kW) to two shafts for a speed of 3 I knots, and complement of 320.
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roger-de-lauria-class-destroyer.gif
Roger de Lauria Class Destroyer154 viewsSpain's two 'Roger de Launa' class destroyers, here epitomised by the iead ship, were completed in the late 1960s after having been laid down as the second and third units of the 'Oquendo' class that comprised only one ship, the other six units having been cancelled.The 'Roger de Lauria' class ships were completed with American weapons and electronics to a specification that included a full-load displacement of 3,785 tons, length of 39 1 ft 6in (I 19.3m), armament of six 5in (127mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, six I2.75in (324mm) tubes in two triple mountings for lightweight anti-submarine torpedoes, two 21 in (533mm) tubes for heavyweight anti-submarine torpedoes and one helicopter propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 60,000hp (44,735kW) to two shafts for a speed of 3 I knots, and complement of 320.Oct 26, 2011
japanese-battleship-kirishima-1937.jpg
Japanese Battleship Kirishima149 viewsThis picture is of the Japanese 'Kongo' class battleship Kirishima, which was an older ship that had been reconstructed duting the 1930s as a fast battleship with the specifications of displacing a full load 36000 tonnes, a length of 728 feet 3in (222m) with an armament of eight 14 inch (356mm) guns in four twin turrets, fouteen 6 inch (152mm) guns in single mountings, eight 5 inch (127mm) anti-aircraft guns in four twin turrets, four 40mm anti-aircraft guns in single mountings, twenty 25mm anti-aircraft guns in 10 twin mountings and three aircraft, protection in the form of an 8inch (203mm) belt, 10inch (254mm) barbettes, 11inch (280mm) turrets, 4.7inch (120mm) deck and 10inch (254mm) conning tower, propultion in the form of steam turbines delivering 136000 horse power (101400kw) to four shafts with a speed of 30 knots, ansd a crew of 1435.Oct 26, 2011
jaureguiberry.jpg
Jaureguiberry808 viewsCompleted for the French navy in the late 1950s, the five destroyers of the 'Duperre or'T53' class were produced to a standard evolved from that of the 12 destroyers of the 'Surcouf' or T47' class and are epitomised here by the jaureguiberry.Tbe details of this important multi-role type included a full-load displacement of 3,740 tons, length of 422ft Oin (128.6m), armament of six 5in (127mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, six 57mm anti-aircraft guns in three twin mountings, two or four 20mm cannon in single mountings, one I4.75in (375mm) anti-submarine rocket launcher and six 21 Jin (550mm) torpedo tubes in two triple mountings, propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 63,000hp (46,975kW) to two shafts for a speed of 34 knots, and complement of 345.Jun 16, 2009
ferre.jpg
Ferre Peru892 viewsThe Ferre is a British Daring' class destroyer of the Peruvian navy, which received two such ships in 1969. Manned and operated almost as light cruisers, the class numbered eight ships completed in the early 1950s with a full-load displacement of 3,580 tons, length of 390ft Oin (I 18.8m), armament of six 4.5in (I 14mm) dual-purpose guns in three twin turrets, up to six 40mm anti¬aircraft guns in up to three twin mountings and one 'Squid' anti-submarine projector; propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering 54,000hp (40,260kW) to two shafts for a speed of 34.75 knots, and complement of 330.Jun 16, 2009
Tirpitz.jpg
Tirpitz in c19411004 viewsThe Tirpitz was the sister-ship of the Bismarck, from which it differed only in details such as a full-load displacement of 52,600 tons, length of 823ft 6in (25 1,0m) and the addition of eight 21 in (533mm) torpedo tubes. The ship was launched in April 1939 and completed in February 1941, and its sole success in World War II (apart from tying down large numbers of British capital ships) was a bombardment of Spitsbergen in September 1943.The ship was damaged by British midget submarine attack later in that month, damaged by aircraft attack in April 1944 (with the loss of 122 men after being hit by 14 bombs), rendered unseaworthy by-further aircraft bombs in September I943 and finally sunk in November 1944 when the ship capsized with the loss of 902 men after being hit by ‘Tallboy’ bombs.Jun 16, 2009
Gneisenau.jpg
Gneisenau in 19391080 viewsThe Gneisenau was the second of the two 'Scharnhorst' class battle-cruisers completed in Germany in the late 1930s as highly impressive ships with a full-load displacement of 34,900 tons, length of 754ft Oin (229.8m), armament of nine I I inch (280mm) guns in three triple turrets, twelve 5.6inch (150mm) guns in six twin turrets, fourteen 4.1 inch (105mm) anti-aircraft guns in seven twin mountings and sixteen 37mm anti-aircraft guns in eight twin mountings.Jun 16, 2009
AdmiralGrafSpee.jpg
Admiral Graf Spee in 19361173 viewsThe most famous of the three 'Deutschland' class 'pocket battleships', the Admiral Graf Spee was launched in June 1934 and completed in January 1936, and was scuttled off Montevideo in December 1939 after suffering only modest damage in the Battle of the River Plate, against a force of three British cruisers, at the end of a commerce-raiding cruise in which the German ship had sunk or captured nine British merchant ships.Jun 16, 2009
Bismarck~0.jpg
Bismarck in 19401135 viewsThe Bismarck was the lead ship of the two-strong class whose other unit was the Tirpitz, and these were the only German battleships completed in the lifetime of the Third Reich. The ships were visually impressive and exercised a horrid fascination on the minds of the British Admiralty despite the fact that they had an unfortunate propulsion arrangement, possessed a considerable weight of armour that was not particularly well disposed, and had a cluttered deck arrangement in its combination of secondary and tertiary gun batteries (due to the German navy's lack of dual-purpose guns and fire-control systems).The specification for the Bismarck included a full-load displacement 50,900 tons, length of 81 3ft 8in (248.0m), armament of eight I5in (380mm) guns in four twin turrets, twelve 5.9in (150mm) guns in six twin turrets, eight 4.1 in (105mm) anti-aircraft guns in four twin mountings and sixteen 37mm anti-aircraft guns in single mountings, protection in the form of a I2.6in (320mm) belt, I4.2in (360mm) turrets, I 3,8in (350mm) conning tower and 4.7in (120mm) deck, propulsion in the form of geared steam turbines delivering I38,000hp (I02,895IkW) to three shafts for a speed of 29 knots, and complement of 2,400. Jun 16, 2009
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